• To contribute to the journal editor’s decision-making process and to assist in improving the quality of the papers under review by critiquing manuscripts thoroughly and objectively. 
  • To disclose to the journal editor any potential conflict of interest with respect to the research, the authors [if not double-blind], and/or the research funders for a manuscript, and, if appropriate, withdrawing their peer review services for that manuscript. 
  • To point out by citation any similar published work that is not yet cited in the manuscript under review. 
  • To maintain the confidentiality of any information supplied by the journal editor or journal author. Peer reviewers should not retain, discuss, or distribute copies of reviewed manuscripts. 
  • To provide the peer review to the journal editor by the specified due date or any extension thereof, or to withdraw from the peer review process if the reviewer cannot complete the review within a reasonable time frame. 
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